but other areas—Taiwan, Korea, Hong Kong, and Singapore achieving substantial reductions in fertility. At the present tin nations of the world are, in general, attempting in some manner their problems of population growth; and, in increasing num nations representing virtually all religious, cultural, and racial gr< ilarly attempting to face up to their population growth problems.
The physical ability to decrease population growth rates h; proved over the past few years by the development of mode contraception, including the pill and the intra-uterine device. Th< methods, and other new methods still in the laboratories, will serve to accelerate the reduction of birth rates. However, the evic indicates that improved techniques alone cannot be expected to desired results. It has become increasingly clear that incentive an are at least as essential as contraceptive techniques in achieving trol. Moreover, experience has indicated that tradition-bound eties in the developing regions are slow to acquire the necess< and motivation. The family planning movement initially concen diffusion of birth control clinics; now it must increasingly widen by incorporating such clinics into broader programs, such as r child health centers, by undertaking educational programs at all 1 other appropriate programs which will motivate families to cor tion(15).
Despite the increasing efforts to lower birth rates, substantial population growth rates cannot reasonably be expected during tr century. The generation, rather than the year or decade, has bee time in which changes in reproductive behavior have been achi for Japan). In the West, birth rates began to decline without tl family planning movements or birth control clinics or modern n traception. Changes in reproductive behavior were the result o changes which operated to break down traditional values an incentive for restricting family size. The basic question before tl nations of the world is whether family size can change before cultural and social changes have transformed the values and g peoples. Certainly the stakes -involved are so high that every eff the birth rate—even in regions that are still mainly traditional eties mired in poverty and illiteracy—is greatly desirable. Bu recognized that up to this point in human history there has yet < first example of a population characterized by traditionalism, i poverty that has managed to reduce its birth rate.
The forthcoming results of the censuses to be taken in and will begin to provide hard data on the impact of family planning growth rates during the past decade. However, to repeat, it is only Japan can completely match the western experience,